What are the components of a nucleic acid?
Nucleic acids are giant biomolecules made of monomers called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: pentose sugar (5-carbon sugar), phosphate group, and nitrogenous base.
Which statement correctly compares nucleic acids?
Answer. The correct answer is 4) They both contain carbon, but only nucleic acids contain phosphorous. Nucleic acid and carbohydrates are essential biomolecules, which are important for the survival of life forms. DNA and RNA comprises the nucleic acid, which posses the genetic information of the living organism.
What is the best definition of the function of nucleic acid?
A nucleic acid is a chain of nucleotides which stores genetic information in biological systems. It creates DNA and RNA, which store the information needed by cells to create proteins. This information is stored in multiple sets of three nucleotides, known as codons.
What is the main function of nucleic acids quizlet?
What is the function of nucleic acids? To store and transmit hereditary information.
What are the two functions of nucleic acids?
The functions of nucleic acids have to do with the storage and expression of genetic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) encodes the information the cell needs to make proteins. A related type of nucleic acid, called ribonucleic acid (RNA), comes in different molecular forms that participate in protein synthesis.
What are the three main types of nucleic acids?
Structure of Nucleic Acids A nucleotide is made up of three components: a nitrogenous base, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate group. The two main types of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).
How many nucleic acids are there?
RNA Structure and Function. The two main types of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the genetic material found in all living organisms and is found in the nucleus of eukaryotes and in the chloroplasts and mitochondria.
Where do we get nucleic acids from?
Nucleic acids, macromolecules made out of units called nucleotides, come in two naturally occurring varieties: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). DNA is the genetic material found in living organisms, all the way from single-celled bacteria to multicellular mammals like you and me.
Does all food have nucleic acids?
Most natural foods which contain resting cell tissue, such as grains of seed, have only high-molecular-mass nucleic acid components with different concentrations; however, growing cell tissue (e.g. soya-bean sprouts) show, as well as the nucleic acids, some lower-molecular-mass compounds.
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